Birth of the Impersonal Forces, an Analysis of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle

Posted on December 13, 2006 

By Trudy A. Martinez

In the year 1865, a drastic, calculated, change takes place in America. The pre-destined change is doomed to affect nearly every aspect of individuality for generations to come. It is learned from the past, ready to control the future and the destiny of millions. A special secret (their symbol) the Red, White, and Blue, guarded since the birth of the country, has the purpose of joining the common man together, thus strengthening its image, allowing them to go forward to progressivismthe force with such over-whelming strength will condition the minds of the common people to accept and withstand the cry of agony, hunger, death, while tilting the scales of justice in favor of social injustice. This is the Main Impersonal Force which will cause to replace or alter the common man’s value system so as to conform to its purpose of a new religion. It will create a New Article of Faith, undermined by Radicalism, fueled by greed, and chosen as an alternative to prevent revolution of the masses. It is a double standard, one for the individuals, and one for progressivism; one for the rich and one for the poor. From the origin of the Main Impersonal Force will give birth to a Myth (The American Dream) to strengthen the Red, the White, and the Blue, and give a continuing influx of internal Hope for a better tomorrow? Using revolution as an example and allowing progress through industrialization, it will produce or introduce a family of new Hope, allowing subordination-ism, of the Impersonal Forces, dependent and reliant on the existence of the Main Impersonal Force, to guide both the rich and the poor to their destiny.

For the rich it will introduce: Capitalism, and Conservatism, earned through the mastery of Behaviorism, justified through the practice of Darwinism, gained through application of Economic Expansionism, insured through Journalism, and ultimately reaffirmed through Freudianism. For the rich it will produce: Humanism as restitution for quilt, Sexism as symbol of superiority over maternal-ism.

For the poor it will introduce: Patriotism gained through citizenship,(membership) and reinforced by the Main Impersonal Force; to replace the uniqueness of man, gained through a false freedom that restricts common man’s free will and his choice which is falsely guaranteed through the constitution; Optimism established by desire and reassured by achievements, and ultimately Consumerism (propaganda) as a reward for progressivism and Materialism as a symbol of acceptance; it will produce Populism as a voice of hope for the common man’s despair, Narcissism as an explanation to common man’s dilemma, Socialism as an alternative to struggle, Marxism as an artificial retaliation to Capitalism, Alcoholism as an escape from reality; Sexism as a means of gain through despair for submission. The Main Impersonal Force produces a force with no end, infinite. It begins with Nationalism, springs forward through progressivism, but will come to be known as Natal-ism their heritage and future (from the cradle to grave). It will lead the poor through hope and achievements to their ultimate destiny, Capitalism (the temple of the rich). It will lead the rich through expansionism into Imperialism, to convert the world through propaganda of consumerism. Our destiny is pre-ordained, that is if we try, if we struggle, if we work hard, but only, if we conform.

In Western Europe, Industrialization is a revolution, created by the rich, the chosen, the rising upper-middle class, the bourgeoisie; it is unplanned, and uncalculated. The American Industrialization, on the other hand, differs from the European counterparts, in that, the creators of this Industrialization learn from the mistakes of both the English and the French counterparts. The French Revolution is the out-come of the first attempts of this new conformity to convert the masses. The reign of terror that results in the consumption of its own creation. The resulting corruption is still fresh in minds of greedy, social elite and the entrepreneurs in the western world. To prevent the slightest threat of repetition of the French example, the American industrialization has to be calculated, predetermined, and thought-out and most of all Controlled. Before the era of Industrialization can be entered, the slaves have to be free, given hope and token justice. Education for the masses has to be forced, thus, allowing for conditioning of an American Dream through the mandatory school systems and Behaviorism. When Industrialization hits America, the common people have been prepared; they have hope for a better tomorrow; they are willing to work hard to get ahead, to build a better future, if not for themselves, for their children.

A laissez-faire Conservatism predominates. Economic Expansion of railroads makes it possible. Factories and industries spring up almost overnight; people move to the cities. Journalism capitalizes with propaganda. Immigrants swarm into America, seeking an American Dream giving the factories a steady over-abundant supply of fresh cheap-labor, paving the way for what is still to come. The cities become The Jungle where the name of the game is survival, survival of the fittest, Social Darwinism.

The Impersonal Forces are guided by the rich, the social elite, as they sit back in their easy-chairs, read The Wall Street Journal and make decisions on investment risks, i.e., which common man protecting his materialism with a corporate image appears most profitable and will gather more souls to convert.

Buying and selling stock in his belief is his trade now, not slaves, but converters. Giving the magic ingredient, hope, to the middle-class is the glory towards converting the common man. The ruthlessness employed in the struggle upward by the rising upper-middle class insures a quick return on their investments.

With Carnegie’s contribution of The Gospel of Wealth and Spencer’s contribution of the social economic application of Charles Darwin’s theory of Evolution, Social Darwinism, what more can the chosen ask. The off-spring of Calvinism, a step child of the Catholic Church, the chosen ones, the rich, the social elite, need only to keep control. With an influx of the magic ingredient (Hope), the Impersonal Forces, will divert, will divide, will conquer, and will convert the struggling common man;

he will deny his own values to survive the Hell of his existence.

Proficiency in psychology is the key to their manipulation (a natural inherent quality in woman, maternal-ism); the hidden secrets in history are the clue to their existence and their goals of Paternalism.

The founders of Capitalism (not to be confused with the founders of America) effectively change the values of man from Oneness using capitalistic theology as basic knowledge and replace it with Sameness, A concept of Partnership, in marriage, in work, in all endeavors giving man, Materialism, Narcissism, Alcoholism, Sexism, Darwinism, justifying the Paternalism“ of the Gospel of Wealth, the form of slavery that is so nice to society and murderous to the common man in The Jungle in the process.

The Psychological knowledge of Behaviorism helps the founders of Capitalism to re-shape Nationalism as a tool through the worship of progressivism, a false religion. The Jewish German, Sigmund (Sex) Freud, bases his concept of psychology on Capitalism, called Freudianism; it so conveniently compliments Capitalism that it will become a temporary substitute for the Love of Man.

The fruit of the labor and the blood, the sweat, and the tears, and the suffering of the common man allow the capitalistic society to flourish and go forward toward progressivism, in search for their need for a continual influx of Hope.

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How Does American Myths’ Help Americans AVOID Their Individual Responsibility to Society in Social, Political, and Economical Issues and Problems?

By Trudy A. Martinez

“How does the American ‘Myths’ help Americans Avoid their individual responsibility to society in social, political, and economic issues and problems?”

In behest to the rationality of the connotation of this question, first we must probe the influence and ramification of world history upon present day America and fathom the affects of ideology upon the existence and worth of an individual. Then we must identify the myths and identify the process by which the myths have eroded and separated man from himself leaving him confused, bewildered, and overwhelmed. Through erudition and perspicacity of identification, the myths’ hindrance to man as an entity and probable cause for man’s avoidance of responsibility and obligation as a citizen of the United States may become apparent.

The American society has set a precedent in the history of nations; it has held together without revolution even though the people may be oppressed because the people never lose their “hope” for a better tomorrow (Chapter 19). Why is this hope retained in times of oppression? The explanation to this consideration is difficult as its resolution is an organization of theory.

The ideals were born in the age of the Enlightenment, the age of reason, the late seventeenth century. The ideology of one man, in particular, played an important role when he contributed to Western civilization the Two Treatises of Government, This man was John Locke; his radical change in governmental ideals introduced the concept of a contract between the government and the people, a concept where the people gave the government the power and the people would have the right to remove the government, if their right of “Life, Liberty, and Property” were not protected. Locke’s concept has “a passive affect, man is driven, the object of motivations of which he himself is not aware” (Fromm 18). It is a concept whereby a few govern the masses. One hundred years after Locke introduced his concept of government to the world; these same ideals were adopted by a new nation, America, when Thomas Jefferson wrote the “Declaration of Independence” using Locke’s principles. It was Locke’s principles that helped to shape the foundation of Democracy in America.

In addition to these principles, the pluralities of America’s fore fathers were authentic in concern. They desired a sovereignty that would confer regulation of the power to the people, for the people; this philosophy is confirmation of the theme and sincere interpretation of the Constitution. But, the Constitution was distinguished in a sovereignty clique with the abstraction of Locke’s ideology braced with a notion of “sameness’ and the impression of a strict moral code with the execution of purism. The notion of “sameness” was descended and stimulated by the doctrines of Calvinism. “Sameness” has become an agitator to common man’s search for oneness because of the aristocracy and the American elite’s aspiration. As a result of the arrangement of the new nation being contrived by the combination of these perceptions, the edifice of bureaucracy became a religion based upon natural law, reason, and the hopefulness of common man to achieve the same aspiration. The framers had created “stability” for their own interest.

Machiavelli’s benefaction in the early sixteenth century of the Prince concocted an insurrection in bureaucratic contemplation that cannot be left without attention since its placid idiosyncrasy has had extensive application in the bipartisan deliberation of the bureaucratic process in America in this century and has shifted consequential prejudice upon the world. Machiavelli’s Prince may be a panorama of repercussion of the mercenary gyrations of the late fifteenth century. The mercenary rotation accentuated commerce and was the initial constitute of capitalism. The Prince furnished “devious” man a system of jurisdiction over common man through forceful adeptness and evasive idiosyncrasy of posterity.

The American “National flag parallels the . . . origin of our country” (92nd Congress, 2D Session House Document No 92-376, Our Flag), America. The new nation of America was conceived from the “birthright from the peoples of many lands”(Our Flag 1), “Pluralism”, and the symbolic meaning of the “Stars and Stripes” contrived from “several origins back in the mists of antiquity to become emblazoned on the standards of our . . . Republic”(Our Flag 1).
“The star is a symbol of the heavens . . . the stripes is symbolic of . . . the rays of light emanating from the sun. Both themes . . . represented . . . the banners of the astral worshippers of ancient Egypt and Babylon . . .

The first flag of the colonists to have any resemblance to the present Stars and Stripes was the Grand Union Flag, sometimes referred to as the ‘Congress Colors’. It consisted of thirteen stripes, alternately red and white, representing the Thirteen Colonies, with a blue field in the upper left hand corner bearing the crosses of St. George and St. Andrew, signifying union with the mother country. This banner was first flown by the ships at Colonial Fleet in the Delaware. . .

The resolution of 14 June 1777 establishing the Stars and Stripes has an interesting history. After the Declaration of Independence, colonial vessels were putting to sea to hamper enemy communications and prey on British commerce. Many of them flew the flags of the particular Colonies to which they belonged. It was necessary to provide an authorized national flag under which they could sail, for England considered armed vessels without such a flag as pirate ships and hanged their crews when the captured them. So the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress presented the Resolution” (Our Flag 1-3).

The system by which the sovereignty clique discontinue common man’s conception of revolt is through a fantasy, formulated by the flag. The flag became a necessity to the new nation to prevent her mother country, England, from considering the colonial vessels as pirate ships and hanging their crews when they were captured. This tidbit of fact detailing how and why America adopted a national flag has a stench of collusion because not only did the flag become the emblem of the consolidation of the colonies, but it was also became the mechanism that inaugurated patriotism, the means by which the people were maneuvered by the Imperial force, Nationalism, delivering an individual through optimism into contention with an infinite quantity of objective forces (impersonal forces) joined together in harmony and charted to confuse, bewilder, and overwhelm the common man and deliver him into submission of the greedy ambitions of the affluent. As a result of man’s agony perplexed by the overwhelming impersonal forces, common man was and still is forced to conform or seek escape from his reality through the escape mechanism. Common man ceased to be an individual with a free choice; the freedom guaranteed by the constitution eludes his grasp.

The impersonal forces, the myths, gained their overwhelming strength following the Civil War when America changed from an Agrarian Society to a Capitalistic Society. Industrialization had been a drastic calculated change. The American elite had learned from the past, Anatole France. They prepared Americans to withstand the agony of oppression and thereby released elite man from the fear of revolution of the masses. Industrialization brought out the worse in man; it also produced or introduced a family of new “hope”, allowing subordination-ism of the impersonal forces that were driven by the Imperial Force, Nationalism. The impersonal forces are dependent and reliant on the existence of the Imperial Force, to guide both the rich and the poor to their destiny. The forces allowed America to go forward into progressivism which caused man to replace or alter his value system. It was undermined by radicalism, fueled by greed, and chosen as an alternative to revolution.

The New Article of Faith (progressivism) created a double standard, one for the individuals, and one for progressivism; one for the rich and one for the poor. From the origin of the Impersonal Force had come the birth of a “myth”, the “American Dream”, to strengthen the “Red, White, and Blue”. And give a continuing influx of internal “Hope” for a better tomorrow. A “’Pledge of Allegiance’ to the Flag” originated in 1892, it was first used in public schools in celebration of Columbus Day, 12 October 1892. . . Official recognition was received by congress in . . . 1942. . . The phrase ‘under God’ was added 14 June 1954. . . President Eisenhower said . . . in this way we are reaffirming the transcendence of religious faith in America’s heritage and future; in this way we shall constantly strengthen those spiritual weapons which will be our country’s most powerful resource . . .”(Our Flag) Greed was added to virtue as a quality to advance common man to a higher status. Greed was the major cause of the oppression of man. A mandatory school system was the formula of suppressant that affirmed the governing of the opinion and knowledge of individuals during their impressionable years through the psychological science of Behaviorism. According to Erich Fromm, a modern-day Philosopher, “Knowledge is thought, psychological knowledge, is a necessary condition for full knowledge . . . while the great popularity of psychology certainly indicates an interest in the knowledge of man, it also betrays the fundamental lack of love in human relations today. Psychological knowledge thus becomes a substitute for full knowledge in the act of love, instead of being a step toward it” (Fromm 26). For the “rich” the imperial Force introduced Capitalism, and Conservatism, earned through the mastery of Behaviorism, justified through the practice of Darwinism and gained through application of Economic Expansionism, insured through Journalism, and ultimately reaffirmed through Freudianism. For the “rich” the Imperial Force produced Humanism as restitution for guilt; and Sexism as a symbol of superiority over maternal-ism. The use of behavioral tactics in the lower division school system is an aspect that presents a problem today.

Once the behavioral patterns are learned through the mandatory public school systems, it takes a stick of dynamite, near the brain of an individual, to release an individual from the influence of the myths so that their thought processes are actually their own . Behaviorism was a very effective tool to insure the future from revolution; it was and still is a method to control the masses. The myths were guided by the Imperial Force and for the poor and rising it introduced: Patriotism, gained through citizenship, Individualism, to replace the uniqueness of man, gained through a falsified freedom and restricting common man’s free will; Optimism, established by desire and reassured by achievements; and ultimately consumerism, propaganda, as reward for progress, and materialism as a symbol of acceptance of the new national religion. As “hope” for despair, it created populism (evolved to welfare); as an explanation of common man’s dilemma, it created narcissism (evolved to Freudianism); as an alternative to struggle, it created socialism (slated for deletion); as an artificial retaliation to capitalism; it created Marxism (evolving to capitalism, leaving man with no alternative but to conform to capitalism, consumerism or TV-ism); as an escape from reality, it created alcoholism and eventually drug-ism and TV-ism as alcoholism proved to no longer created a realistic escape from the reality of modern society; as a means of gain through despair for submission, it created sexism (evolved to racism and victim-ism). In modern society of Capitalism the current thought is toward natal-ism to alleviate the problems created by the escape mechanisms; the problems of large segments of society producing inferior specimens creates a state of welfare larger than that portion of society paying taxes, to reduce the growing welfare drastic steps are being considered to control the affects at birth.

The interest stirred by other countries in Americas system of government is perplexing when you consider the rich hope to take over the world in the same manner that they have taken control of millions of Americans. On a radio talk show, Sept. 1, 1990, there was an interview with a foreign school teacher, who said the school books in the first grades were being replaced and the prior books being destroyed. The new books reflect history different because the new regime, now under American influence, didn’t want the children to know the truth about the past. The revolutionary facts had to be removed; part of history had to be deleted as if it never existed. Sound familiar? Wasn’t the history of America glossed over and the truth slowly discovered by historians?

According to The American College Dictionary nation means:
1. An aggregation of persons of the same ethnic family, speaking the same language of cognate languages.
2. It belongs to a body of people associated with a particular territory who are sufficiently conscious of their unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly their own.
3. The Indian nation is considered.
This definition is odd when you consider the first definition doesn’t fit the American society and the dictionary is an “American” dictionary. When you take the order of sequence in analysis, you get a different perspective:
1. The nation belongs to the few, the rich, the social elite
2. It belongs to a body of people associated with a particular territory who are sufficiently conscious of their unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly their own.
3. The Indian nation is considered.
Why would an American dictionary list the first meaning with an application other than the American society? Is not the answer to the question apparent? Doesn’t the definition as presented imply the answer?

Why didn’t the framers of the American government consider the ideas of other philosophers such as Spinoza, the Dutch Philosopher? Were the framers aware that Tom Jefferson writing of the Declaration of Independence was actually the ideology of Locke? Was their fear of revolution a selfish consideration of the framers? Spinoza’s concept of freedom differed from the ideas of our fore fathers and Locke’s concept. Spinoza’s concept had “an Active affect, man is freed, he is the master of his affect” (Fromm 18). Whereas, the concept of the American society has “a passive affect, man is driven, the object of motivations of which he himself is not aware” (Fromm 18). “Spinoza arrives at the statement that virtue and power are one and the same. Envy, Jealousy, ambition, any kind of greed are passions; love is an action, the practice of a human power, which can be practiced only in freedom and never as a result of compulsion” (Fromm 18).

In conclusion and in my opinion, influence and the ramification of world history had a critical bearing up the construction of the American order. The affects of the ideology of Locke in amalgamation with some countenance of Calvinism, Puritanism, purism and Machiavelli, had a numbing seize upon common man by controlling common man’s freedom and striking unconstitutional authority over him through the execution of behaviorism. America has been an archetype for the world; it was conjectured, a design to emancipate the world unto Capitalism, a one world denomination. Machiavelli, Calvinism, Puritanism, purism, and man’s own urge to recapture paradise, are the justification for common man’s persecution by a sovereignty clique. The amalgamation of influence and ideology established the echelon for the admission of the main characteristic, the myth. To fortify the myth, for a lingering future without revolution, compulsory school routine taught the adolescence of the country through behaviorism, deriving the individual of their free choice, the freedom attested to by the constitution. The Americans now avoid their individual responsibility to society in social, political, and economic issues and problems because they are oblivious of their rightful position; they have striven to challenge the strategy and became bewildered; they perceive no manner without semblance of disillusioned disloyalty; or they have confused preoccupation in the issues and problems, the intricacy does not affect him; they fitting don’t have liberty laboring two occupations simply to survive; or they are overwhelmed with daily demands. The stability of the system is endured through the balance of impersonal forces, just as the stability of a nation is ensured through the balance of trade.

 

Reference Sources:

A Tale of Two Cities. By Charles Dickens.
World Classics edition, Oxford University Press
The Art of Loving. By Erich Fromm
Perennial Library Edition. Volume IX of the World Perspectives Series,
Edited by Ruth Nanda Ashen, Harper Row
Our Flag. 92d Congress, 2d Session, House Document No 92-376.
U.S. Government Printing.
The President of the United States of America. By Brank Freidel,
White House Historical Association with the cooperation of the National Geographic Society.
Government by the People. By Burns/Peltason/Cronin. Thirteenth Alternate Edition-1989
Printing, Prentice Hall.
The National Experience, Part II. A history of the United States since 1865. Seventh Edition.
By John M. Blum, W. S. McFeely, E.S. Morgan, A.M. Schlesinger, Jr. K.M. Stampp, C. V. Woodward. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers.
Class Handouts and Assignments, Cerro Coso Community College, Western Civilization,
Springs 1990, Winchester, England, Instructor: Leo Girodit.

Political Science I, Cerro Coso Community College, Fall 1990, Dr. Don Rosenberg